Kathmandu Metropolitan City is the capital and largest city of Nepal, with over a million people. Each year, more than 35,000 people in Nepal seek anti-rabies vaccines following a dog bite. In an attempt to control street dogs and rabies, strychnine-laced meat was used on the streets (causing seizures and eventual death). Dog carcasses were buried or piled by the river and for 50 years, 10,000 dogs were reportedly killed every year.

Through this project, with our Nepal partner ManuMitra, we aim to provide a permanent system for street dog management within the capital. ‘ManuMitra’ is a Nepali term that translates as ‘friend of human’. Given the violent history of dog management, this project is developing a fresh approach and recognises that the problem of street dogs is defined by the community and the solutions lie within it. The vision of this project is to create a system where communities are humanely and effectively managing their own street dog populations, to not only help the street dogs but instil responsible behaviours and empower the community.

Kathmandu Metropolitan City is divided into 35 administrative wards with each ward having it’s own committee. This project works to establish an Animal Management Committee (AMC) in each of the 35 wards. These are responsible for ensuring all dogs within the ward are registered, neutered and rabies-vaccinated and that all residents of the ward are educated in responsible dog ownership and rabies and dog bite prevention. The committee recruits respected local people within the ward who have a proven track record of providing care for dogs or other animals and these assistants become the frontline community animal health workers. By harnessing the energy and commitment of these people and providing them with recognition and training, within a supportive legal framework, it allows a people-powered model of dog management to be developed.

Since its launch, the project has established Animal Management Committees in 20 of the city’s 32 wards, and recruited nearly 300 Animal Management Assistants. It has successfully made street dogs a priority issue for the smallest government unit (the ward) and not only brought the community to act, but with high regard for animal welfare. We are now working to enshrine the system in Nepalese law, and establish a system of community animal health clinics where owners can bring their dogs for affordable sterilisation and other basic healthcare.

We aim for this project to not only make a long lasting difference in Nepal but to also be a great example for other countries with similar needs for the stray dogs in the community.

Dog Health Camps

Dog Health Camps are organised by the Animal Management Committee to provide vital support for local dogs and their owners in every ward. Owners register their dogs beforehand, completing assessment forms about their dog and their history to ensure each dog is assessed correctly.


The education module focuses on bite prevention and responsible pet ownership and is taught in classes in each of the government schools of the ward, whilst also collecting data on dog bites.

Female Community Health

Basant is the Community Coordinator and in this session he’s talking to Female Community Health Volunteers responsible for child & family health. Through this they are trained to also talk to the community about dog sterilisation, vaccinations and responsible pet ownership.

Up for the challenge?

Join us in 2019 for a challenge of epic proportions! The Everest Basecamp IAPWA Challenge is a fundraising programme meant to build engagement for IAPWA projects, while at the same time giving you a truly one of a kind experience. Support our work in Nepal and around the globe whilst taking on a personal challenge.

Date: 2nd April 2019 – 16 April 2019
Location: Kathmandu Nepal

Not for you? We have plenty of IAPWA challenges to choose from, see them all below.

View all challenges